Texas Pistache is a small tree or large shrub, depending on how it is pruned. It even takes shearing really well if you are looking for a hedge. These will usually grow to about 15 to 20 feet tall and wide, but specimens that receive frequent irrigation can reach as large as 40 feet tall. In low deserts it is evergreen, but will lose some leaves in cold climates. The new spring foliage is a burnished red, turning to deep glossy green in the summer. This shiny foliage contrasts beautifully with the white peeling bark on the trunks. Female plants produce white flowers in late spring, followed by clusters of red fruit that are inedible for humans, but irresistible to birds and small mammals. Texas Pistache thrives in full sun to part shade, and prefers soils with good drainage. In cultivation, with regular irrigation, it grows quickly. Texas Pistache is native to far south Texas, and into Mexico.